Classical Swine Fever Rule for Mexico
What's the Background?
Mexico in 2007 requested market access to the United States for pork from the eight states in its central region but later amended its request to include all Mexican states. USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) conducted multiple reviews and determined Mexico’s control program for Classical Swine Fever (CSF) was not sufficient to classify the country as a negligible risk for the disease. But because of the importance of the trading relationship with Mexico, USDA’s Foreign Agriculture Service provided funding through a Global Based Initiative to assist Mexico with improving its control program. Through the grant, Mexican officials received training in foreign animal disease diagnostics at USDA’s Plum Island Animal Disease Center and further in-country training on case management and control activities. A subsequent review by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) determined Mexico to be free of CSF. Additionally, Japan, which has a very rigorous risk assessment process, granted Mexico negligible risk status and began importing pork from Mexico. APHIS completed another comprehensive review and in early 2016 concluded the risk of CSF from pork imports from Mexico was negligible. A proposed rule to allow pork imports from all Mexican states was prepared but has yet to be cleared by USDA.
Why Does it Matter to our Producers?
The United States over the past 10 years, on average, has been the No. 1 exporter of pork in the world; it is the globe’s lowest cost producer of pork. In any given year, the U.S. pork industry ships product to more than 100 countries. Exports add significantly to the bottom line of all U.S. pork producers, adding more than $48 to the value of each hog marketed in 2015, when $5.6 billion of U.S. pork was exported. In 2015, the United States exported more than 718,000 metric tons of pork and pork products, valued at $1.26 billion, to Mexico, making it the second largest value market and the largest volume market for U.S. pork exports. According to Iowa State University economist Dermot Hayes, U.S. pork exports to Mexico have created more than 9,000 U.S. jobs. Granting Mexico access to the U.S. market is appropriate given that the USDA APHIS has completed a risk assessment on CSF, which Mexico is aware of. Failure to finalize the rule risks retaliation by Mexico and places the U.S. pork industry’s largest volume market at risk.
What is NPPC's position?
NPPC supports USDA finalizing a regulation that would implement the APHIS risk assessment that Mexico is free of CSF. The U.S. pork industry is a strong supporter of free trade and of using epidemiological science and risk analyses to determine if trade can be safely conducted between countries.