Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation
What’s the Background?
EPA issued a final CAFO rule in early 2003, but opposition from pork producers and legal challenges from NPPC and from environmentalists prompted the agency to reconsider the regulation. The compliance costs to the agricultural industry for the initial rule were estimated to be $980 million a year; costs for the revised rule were estimated to be $335 million a year.
Why Does It Matter to Our Producers?
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 2008 finalized its regulations under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs). The CAFO rule is the most comprehensive federal water-quality regulation ever put on pork producers.
Under the rule, many operations that never had to obtain federal NPDES permits now must have them and must develop and implement nutrient management plans that meet specific standards, keep detailed records of their compliance, and submit annual reports to their state or to EPA.