FMD Vaccine Bank

What's the Background?

The ability to rapidly vaccinate livestock against Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is central to the U.S. control strategy should an outbreak occur. USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service currently manages a vaccine bank at Plum Island, N.Y., where vaccine antigen concentrate for a limited number of FMD strains is stored. If an outbreak occurred, the antigen would have to be shipped overseas to be turned into finished vaccine and shipped back to the United States. The turn-around time from the onset of an outbreak until finished vaccine is delivered to the field would be weeks for a small event and months for the number of doses needed to control a large outbreak.

Why is it important?

FMD presents a critical risk to the U.S. livestock industry: An outbreak of the foreign animal disease would cripple the entire agricultural sector, immediately shutting U.S. export markets, and have long-lasting ramifications to the economic viability of U.S. livestock production.

What is NPPC's position?

NPPC is urging APHIS to: 1) Contract for an offshore FMD vaccine bank that would provide vaccine antigen concentrate for all FMD strains currently circulating in the world; 2) Contract for production capacity that would produce the 10 million vaccine doses needed for the early stages of an outbreak; 3) Contract for the surge capacity to produce an additional 40 million doses.

Further Resources