Arizona

CURRENT STRUCTURE AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF

The Arizona Pork Industry

The Arizona pork industry adds significant value to the agricultural economy and is a major contributor to the overall Arizona economy. Although the size and structure of the Arizona pork industry has changed over time, current levels of production continue to support jobs and generate earnings in the state economy. In 2023, the sales generated from hog marketings and pork processing supported a total economic contribution of $27.5 million in personal income, $50.1 million in value added, and more than 441 jobs in the Arizona economy.

Total Economic Contribution

All direct, indirect, and induced economic activity supported by the Arizona Pork Industry.

441

jobs supported by the pork industry

$50.11M+

value added (GDP)

$27.5M

personal income generated

Hog Farms and Production

Arizona Hog Inventory and Share of U.S. Hogs

There are more than 109,000 hogs in Arizona. The size of the Arizona hog herd has varied over time but has trended upward from 9,000 head in 2000 to 109,000 head in 2023.

The number of Arizona hog farms has increased in recent years. From 1997 to 2012, the number of farms raising hogs went up from 376 to 509, and by 2022 farm numbers increased to 541.

Arizona Farms with Hogs and Hogs per Farm
Percent of Inventory by Size of Arizona Hog Farm, 2022

Approximately 78% of Arizona hogs are on farms with 5,000 or more in inventory. 20 percent of Arizona’s hogs are on farms with 2,000 to 4,999 head, and two percent are on farms with less than 2,000 head.

Hog Production Costs and Returns

In 2023, hog sales (including market hogs, sows, and feeder pigs) totaled over $152.2 million. In addition to these farm-level effects, the pork industry supports other industries by purchasing inputs, supplies, and services. Based on long-run prices and aggregated production budgets for the Arizona pork industry, producing 311,530 market hogs in Arizona generates over $41.65 million in feed, labor, equipment, and other production-related expenditures.

Hog Production by the Numbers

541

number of farms with hogs

311.5K

hogs marketed annually

$65.85M

cash receipts from hog sales

Estimated Share of Hog Production Costs in Arizona

Feed is the largest single expenditure category in pork production. With 311,530 market hogs produced annually, feed costs for the Arizona industry exceed $41.65M. Other direct expenses, like energy and transportation, add $20.92M, employee compensation totals $4.76M, and facility-related expenses add $5.5M.

Jobs Supported by the Arizona Pork Industry

The direct, indirect, and induced activity generated by the Arizona pork industry in 2023 supported a total of 200 jobs and $27.5M in personal income. Arizona hog farms and pork processors directly employed 187,706 workers and paid $11.35M in total wages. This includes 66 full-time-equivalent workers at the farm level and an estimated 123 employees in the hog slaughter and processing sectors.

 

The purchases of input supplies and services in the pork industry indirectly supported 131 jobs and $13.22M in personal earnings for Arizona workers. Beyond this, the induced impacts stemming from employee spending included 110 additional jobs and $6.46M in personal income earned. Many of these jobs were within the agriculture and manufacturing industries, as well as industries like trucking, finance, insurance, real estate, trade, and other service sectors.