Arkansas

CURRENT STRUCTURE AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF

The Arkansas Pork Industry

The Arkansas pork industry adds significant value to the agricultural economy and is a major contributor to the overall Arkansas economy. Although the size and structure of the Arkansas pork industry has changed over time, current levels of production continue to support jobs and generate earnings in the state economy. In 2023, the sales generated from hog marketings and pork processing supported a total economic contribution of $24.4 million in personal income, $46.1 million in value added, and more than 476 jobs in the Arkansas economy.

Total Economic Contribution

All direct, indirect, and induced economic activity supported by the Arkansas Pork Industry.

476

jobs supported by the pork industry

$46.1M+

value added (GDP)

$24.4M

personal income generated

Hog Farms and Production

Arkansas Hog Inventory and Share of U.S. Hogs

There are more than 134,000 hogs in Arkansas. The size of the Arkansas hog herd has varied over time but has trended downward from 685,000 head in 2000 to 134,000 head in 2023. As of December 2023, Arkansas farms accounted for 0.2% of the total U.S. hog inventory.

The number of Arkansas hog farms has increased in recent years. From 1997 to 2012, the number of farms raising hogs dropped from 1,369 to 752, but by 2022 farm numbers increased to 1,053.

Arkansas Farms with Hogs and Hogs per Farm
Percent of Inventory by Size of Arkansas Hog Farm, 2022

Approximately 60% of Arkansas hogs are on farms with 5,000 or more in inventory. 16 percent of Arkansas hogs are on farms with 2,000 to 4,999 head, and 23 percent are on farms with less than 2,000 head.

Hog Production Costs and Returns

In 2023, hog sales (including market hogs, sows, and feeder pigs) totaled over $155.1 million. In addition to these farm-level effects, the pork industry supports other industries by purchasing inputs, supplies, and services. Based on long-run prices and aggregated production budgets for the Arkansas pork industry, producing 369,405 market hogs in Arkansas generates over $34.94 million in feed, labor, equipment, and other production-related expenditures.

Hog Production by the Numbers

1,053

number of farms with hogs

369K

hogs marketed annually

$65.84M

cash receipts from hog sales

Estimated Share of Hog Production Costs in Arkansas

Feed is the largest single expenditure category in pork production. With 369,405 market hogs produced annually, feed costs for the Arkansas industry exceed $15.73M. Other direct expenses, like energy and transportation, add $9.2M, employee compensation totals $4.8M, and facility-related expenses add $5.1M.

Jobs Supported by the Arkansas Pork Industry

The direct, indirect, and induced activity generated by the Arkansas pork industry in 2023 supported a total of 476 jobs and $24.4M in personal income. Arkansas hog farms and pork processors directly employed 214 workers and paid $11.01M in total wages. This includes 73 full-time-equivalent workers at the farm level and an estimated 129 employees in the hog slaughter and processing sectors.

 

The purchases of input supplies and services in the pork industry indirectly supported 177 jobs and $9.29M in personal earnings for Arkansas workers. Beyond this, the induced impacts stemming from employee spending included 85 additional jobs and $4.11M in personal income earned. Many of these jobs were within the agriculture and manufacturing industries, as well as industries like trucking, finance, insurance, real estate, trade, and other service sectors.