New York

CURRENT STRUCTURE AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF

The New York Pork Industry

The New York pork industry adds significant value to the agricultural economy and is a major contributor to the overall New York economy. Although the size and structure of the New York pork industry has changed over time, current levels of production continue to support jobs and generate earnings in the state economy. In 2023, the sales generated from hog marketings and pork processing supported a total economic contribution of over $119.78 million in personal income, over $168.6 million in value added, and more than 1,717  jobs in the New York economy.

Total Economic Contribution

All direct, indirect, and induced economic activity supported by the New York Pork Industry.

1,717

jobs supported by the pork industry

$168.6M+

value added (GDP)

$119.7M+

personal income generated

Hog Farms and Production

New York Hog Inventory and Share of U.S. Hogs

There are about 45,000 hogs in New York. The size of the New York hog herd has varied over time but has trended downward from 80,000 head in 2000 to 45,000 head in 2023. As of December 2023, New York farms accounted for 0.1% of the total U.S. hog inventory.

The number of New York hog farms has decreased in recent years. From 1997 to 2012, the number of farms increased from 1,731 to 1,912, and by 2022 New York fell to 1,352 farms raising hogs.

New York Farms with Hogs and Hogs per Farm
Percent of Inventory by Size of New York Hog Farm, 2022

Approximately 32% of New York hogs are on farms with 5,000 or more in inventory. 21 percent of New York’s hogs are on farms with 2,000 to 4,999 head, and 47 percent are on farms with less than 2,000 head.

Hog Production Costs and Returns

In 2023, hog sales (including market hogs, sows, and feeder pigs) totaled $578.67 million. In addition to these farm-level effects, the pork industry supports other industries by purchasing inputs, supplies, and services. Based on long-run prices and aggregated production budgets for the New York pork industry, producing over 39,763 market hogs in New York generates over $4.55 million in feed, labor, equipment, and other production-related expenditures.

Hog Production by the Numbers

1,352

number of farms with hogs

39.7K+

hogs marketed annually

$8.06M+

cash receipts from hog sales

Estimated Share of Hog Production Costs in New York

Feed is the largest single expenditure category in pork production. With over 39,763 market hogs produced annually, feed costs for the New York industry exceed $2.42M. Other direct expenses, like energy and transportation, add over $1.05M, employee compensation totals over $440.9K, and facility-related expenses add over $640.4K.

Jobs Supported by the New York Pork Industry

The direct, indirect, and induced activity generated by the New York pork industry in 2023 supported a total of 1,717 jobs and over $119.78 million in personal income. New York hog farms and pork processors directly employed 1,071 workers and paid over $61.23 million in total wages. This includes 7 full-time-equivalent workers at the farm level and an estimated 1,060 employees in the hog slaughter and processing sectors.

 

The purchases of input supplies and services in the pork industry indirectly supported 319 jobs and over $33.15 million in personal earnings for New York workers. Beyond this, the induced impacts stemming from employee spending included 328 additional jobs and over $25.40 million in personal income earned. Many of these jobs were within the agriculture and manufacturing industries, as well as industries like trucking, finance, insurance, real estate, trade, and other service sectors.