North Dakota


The North Dakota Pork Industry

The North Dakota pork industry adds significant value to the agricultural economy and is a major contributor to the overall North Dakota economy. Although the size and structure of the North Dakota pork industry has changed over time, current levels of production continue to support jobs and generate earnings in the state economy. In 2023, the sales generated from hog marketings and pork processing supported a total economic contribution of over $19.51 million in personal income, over $39.56 million in value added, and more than 349 jobs in the North Dakota economy.

Total Economic Contribution

All direct, indirect, and induced economic activity supported by the North Dakota Pork Industry.


jobs supported by the pork industry


value added (GDP)


personal income generated

Hog Farms and Production

North Dakota Hog Inventory and Share of U.S. Hogs

There are about 150,000 hogs in North Dakota. The size of the North Dakota hog herd has varied over time but has trended downward from 185,000 head in 2000 to 150,000 head in 2023. As of December 2023, North Dakota farms accounted for 0.2% of the total U.S. hog inventory.

The number of North Dakota hog farms has decreased in recent years. From 1997 to 2012, the number of farms raising hogs decreased from 838 to 218, but by 2022 farm numbers decreased further to 177.

North Dakota Farms with Hogs and Hogs per Farm
Percent of Inventory by Size of North Dakota Hog Farm, 2022

Approximately 85% of North Dakota hogs are on farms with 5,000 or more in inventory. Nine percent of North Dakota’s hogs are on farms with 2,000 to 4,999 head, and six percent are on farms with less than 2,000 head.

Hog Production Costs and Returns

In 2023, hog sales (including market hogs, sows, and feeder pigs) totaled $121.22 million. In addition to these farm-level effects, the pork industry supports other industries by purchasing inputs, supplies, and services. Based on long-run prices and aggregated production budgets for the North Dakota pork industry, producing 330,693 market hogs in North Dakota generates over $22.78 million in feed, labor, equipment, and other production-related expenditures.

Hog Production by the Numbers


number of farms with hogs


hogs marketed annually


cash receipts from hog sales

Estimated Share of Hog Production Costs in North Dakota

Feed is the largest single expenditure category in pork production. With 330,693 market hogs produced annually, feed costs for the North Dakota industry exceed $10.11M. Other direct expenses, like energy and transportation, add over $6.02M, employee compensation totals over $3.17M, and facility-related expenses add over $3.47M.

Jobs Supported by the North Dakota Pork Industry

The direct, indirect, and induced activity generated by the North Dakota pork industry in 2023 supported a total of 349 jobs and over $19.5M in personal income. North Dakota hog farms and pork processors directly employed 174 workers and paid over $8.19 million in total wages. This includes 47 full-time-equivalent workers at the farm level and an estimated 119 employees in the hog slaughter and processing sectors.


The purchases of input supplies and services in the pork industry indirectly supported 115 jobs and over $8.03 million in personal earnings for North Dakota workers. Beyond this, the induced impacts stemming from employee spending included 60 additional jobs and over $3.30 million in personal income earned. Many of these jobs were within the agriculture and manufacturing industries, as well as industries like trucking, finance, insurance, real estate, trade, and other service sectors.