Oklahoma

CURRENT STRUCTURE AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF

The Oklahoma Pork Industry

The Oklahoma pork industry adds significant value to the agricultural economy and is a major contributor to the overall Oklahoma economy. Although the size and structure of the Oklahoma pork industry has changed over time, current levels of production continue to support jobs and generate earnings in the state economy. In 2021, the sales generated from hog marketings and pork processing supported a total economic contribution of over $762.029 million in personal income, over $1.288 billion in value added, and more than 15,595 jobs in the Oklahoma economy.

Total Economic Contribution

All direct, indirect, and induced economic activity supported by the Oklahoma Pork Industry.

15,212

jobs supported by the pork industry

$1.25B+

value added (GDP)

$826M+

personal income generated

Hog Farms and Production

Oklahoma Hog Inventory and Share of U.S. Hogs

There are about 2.09 million hogs in Oklahoma. The size of the Oklahoma hog herd has varied over time but has trended downward from 2.31M head in 2000 to 2.09M head in 2023. As of December 2023, Oklahoma farms accounted for 2.7% of the total U.S. hog inventory.

The number of Oklahoma hog farms has increased in recent years. From 1997 to 2012, the number of farms raising hogs decreased from 3,575 to 1,947, but by 2022 farm numbers increased at 2,219.

Oklahoma Farms with Hogs and Hogs per Farm
Percent of Inventory by Size of Oklahoma Hog Farm, 2022

Approximately 96% of Oklahoma hogs are on farms with 5,000 or more in inventory. Two percent of Oklahoma’s hogs are on farms with 2,000 to 4,999 head, and two percent are on farms with less than 2,000 head.

Hog Production Costs and Returns

In 2023, hog sales (including market hogs, sows, and feeder pigs) totaled $5.438 billion. In addition to these farm-level effects, the pork industry supports other industries by purchasing inputs, supplies, and services. Based on long-run prices and aggregated production budgets for the Oklahoma pork industry, producing over 7.28 million market hogs in Oklahoma generates over $985.64 million in feed, labor, equipment, and other production-related expenditures.

Hog Production by the Numbers

2,219

number of farms with hogs

7.28M+

hogs marketed annually

$1.25B+

cash receipts from hog sales

Estimated Share of Hog Production Costs in Oklahoma

Feed is the largest single expenditure category in pork production. With over 7.28M market hogs produced annually, feed costs for the Oklahoma industry exceed $509.79M. Other direct expenses, like energy and transportation, add over $244M, employee compensation totals over $104M, and facility-related expenses add over $126M.

Jobs Supported by the Oklahoma Pork Industry

The direct, indirect, and induced activity generated by the Oklahoma pork industry in 2023 supported a total of 15,212 jobs and over $826.5 million in personal income. Oklahoma hog farms and pork processors directly employed 6,725 workers and paid over $392.08 million in total wages. This includes 1,442 full-time-equivalent workers at the farm level and an estimated 5,042 employees in the hog slaughter and processing sectors.

 

The purchases of input supplies and services in the pork industry indirectly supported 5,545 jobs and over $285.50 million in personal earnings for Oklahoma workers. Beyond this, the induced impacts stemming from employee spending included 2,942 additional jobs and over $148.91 million in personal income earned. Many of these jobs were within the agriculture and manufacturing industries, as well as industries like trucking, finance, insurance, real estate, trade, and other service sectors.