The Pennsylvania Pork Industry

The Pennsylvania pork industry adds significant value to the agricultural economy and is a major contributor to the overall Pennsylvania economy. Although the size and structure of the Pennsylvania pork industry has changed over time, current levels of production continue to support jobs and generate earnings in the state economy. In 2021, the sales generated from hog marketings and pork processing supported a total economic contribution of over $804.111 million in personal income, over $1.137 billion in value added, and more than 14,051 jobs in the Pennsylvania economy.

Total Economic Contribution

All direct, indirect, and induced economic activity supported by the Pennsylvania Pork Industry.


jobs supported by the pork industry


value added (GDP)


personal income generated

Hog Farms and Production

Pennsylvania December 1 Hog Inventory and Share of U.S. Total

There are about 1.31 million hogs in Pennsylvania. The size of the Pennsylvania hog herd has varied over time but has trended upward from 1.03M head in 2000 to 1.31M head in 2021. As of December 2021, Pennsylvania farms accounted for 1.8% of the total U.S. hog inventory.

The number of Pennsylvania hog farms has decreased in recent years. From 1997 to 2012, the number of farms decreased from 4,359 to 3,097, and by 2017 Pennsylvania had 2,777 farms raising hogs.

Pennsylvania Hog Farms and Hogs per Farm
Pennsylvania Hog Inventory Distribution

Approximately 43% of Pennsylvania hogs are on farms with 5,000 or more in inventory. 41 percent of Pennsylvania’s hogs are on farms with 2,000 to 4,999 head, and 16 percent are on farms with less than 2,000 head.

Hog Production Costs and Returns

In 2021, hog sales (including market hogs, sows, and feeder pigs) totaled $407.74 million. In addition to these farm-level effects, the pork industry supports other industries by purchasing inputs, supplies, and services. Based on long-run prices and aggregated production budgets for the Pennsylvania pork industry, producing over 2.07 million market hogs in Pennsylvania generates over $355.869 million in feed, labor, equipment, and other production-related expenditures.

Hog Production by the Numbers


number of farms with hogs


hogs marketed annually


cash receipts from hog sales

Pennsylvania Estimated Share of Production Costs

Feed is the largest single expenditure category in pork production. With over 2.07M market hogs produced annually, feed costs for the Pennsylvania industry exceed $188.874M. Other direct expenses, like energy and transportation, add over $72.07M, employee compensation totals over $33.3M, and facility-related expenses add over $41.6M.

Jobs Supported by the Pennsylvania Pork Industry

The direct, indirect, and induced activity generated by the Pennsylvania pork industry in 2021 supported a total of 14,051 jobs and over $804.111 million in personal income. Pennsylvania hog farms and pork processors directly employed 7,541 workers and paid over $392.3 million in total wages. This includes 566 full-time-equivalent workers at the farm level and an estimated 6,879 employees in the hog slaughter and processing sectors.


The purchases of input supplies and services in the pork industry indirectly supported 3,135 jobs and over $221.4 million in personal earnings for Pennsylvania workers. Beyond this, the induced impacts stemming from employee spending included 3,375 additional jobs and over $190.3 million in personal income earned. Many of these jobs were within the agriculture and manufacturing industries, as well as industries like trucking, finance, insurance, real estate, trade, and other service sectors.