India Must Open its Market to U.S. Pork

NPPC’s Position

NPPC wants India to accept the science-based veterinary export certificate that was proposed by USDA so the United States can ship pork to that country without any restrictions.

Background

The U.S. government in early 2022 concluded a deal with India for unrestricted market access for U.S. pork to the world’s second-most populous nation. India, which had a de facto ban on U.S. pork, has a population of 1.34 billion, meaning the potential market opportunity is significant. The agreement with the United States sets the stage for larger trade discussions. India lacks an established, modern commercial pork production industry, with virtually all domestic production from small, backyard sources. While pork from other nations has access to the Indian market, India did not allow U.S. pork imports despite the country being the largest beneficiary of the U.S. Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), which grants developing nations preferential access to the U.S. market. The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative in June 2019 terminated India’s participation in the GSP program.

The United States has a large trade and services deficit with India. Getting access to the Indian market has been one of NPPC’s top trade priorities.

Fast Facts

$7,060

is the per capita income for India’s 1.34 billion people

297,000 metric tons

of pork were consumed by India in 2020. Because of the country’s large Muslim and vegetarian population, pork consumption often is limited to the hotel and tourist industry.

$516,000

worth of pork and pork products from India were purchased by the United States in 2020.

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