USMCA

The Situation

The U.S. – Mexico – Canada trade agreement (USMCA) addresses the world’s largest trading area, with a population of nearly 500 million people and a GDP of over $21 trillion. Since free trade was initiated between the United States and its North American trading partners, Canada and Mexico have evolved into two of the largest export markets for U.S. pork products.

Pork producers rely on these two markets. In 2018, Canada and Mexico took over 40 percent of the pork that was exported from the United States. They are on track to make up a large percentage in 2019 as well. The USMCA preserves zero-tariff trade for U.S. pork in North America. It also incorporates strong sanitary-phytosanitary (SPS) provisions that go beyond those contained in the World Trade Organization’s SPS agreement.

Ratification of USMCA is under threat because of the steel and aluminum tariffs placed on both Canada and Mexico. It is vital for U.S. pork that these tariffs be lifted immediately. If Mexico’s 20 percent duty on U.S. pork remains in place – either because the U.S. metal tariffs aren’t lifted or the USMCA isn’t approved and NAFTA is terminated – the U.S. pork industry will lose the entire Mexican

NPPC's Position

Congress must ratify the U.S.-Mexico- Canada Agreement to allow the U.S. pork industry to maintain zero-duty market access to two of its largest export markets.

Fast Facts

  • U.S pork exports totaled $6.4 billion in 2018
  • Exports added more than $51 — that’s nearly 26 percent of the $141 average value of a hog — to every U.S. hog marketed in 2018
  • Exports to Canada and Mexico support 16,000 U.S. jobs
  • Mexico is the largest volume market and the second largest value market for U.S. pork exports
  • Canada is the fifth largest volume and fourth largest value market for pork exports