The Situation

Despite an overwhelming body of scientific evidence that demonstrates the safety of ractopamine, Taiwan since 2007 has denied market access for U.S. pork based on an unscientific, zero-tolerance policy for the feed additive. Ractopamine has been determined to be safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is approved for use in pork production in 26 countries, with 75 additional countries allowing the import of pork from ractopaminefed hogs even though it is not fed in their domestic herds. In July 2012, the U.N.’s Codex Alimentarius Commission, which sets international standards for food safety, approved a maximum residue limit (MRL) for ractopamine, which U.S. pork meets.

Between 1999, when the FDA approved ractopamine for domestic use, and 2007, there were no known food safety issues associated with U.S. pork exported to Taiwan. In August 2007, the Taiwanese government notified the World Trade Organization (WTO) of its intention to establish an MRL for ractopamine in pork, basing that decision on the Codex MRL. That has not happened.

The Taiwanese legislature in July 2012 passed legislation that set an MRL for imported beef but not for pork. This and other recent efforts by Taiwanese officials to address the ractopamine issue have been met with strong protests from domestic pig farmers.

NPPC's Position

Taiwan’s ban on U.S. pork raised with ractopamine lacks any scientific-based justification and should immediately be removed.

Fast Facts

  • The United States over the past 11 years, on average, has been the No. 1 pork exporting country in the world; it is the globe’s lowest cost producer of pork.
  • The U.S. pork industry ships product to more than 110 countries.
  • Exports contribute more than
    $51 – representing nearly 26
    percent of the $141 average
    value of a hog in 2018 – to every
    hog marketed in 2018 when
    $6.48 billion of U.S. pork was